Disability Categories and Sub-Categories

A. Neurodevelopmental

a.  ADHD

b.  Autism Spectrum Disorder (including Asperger’s Syndrome

c.  Communication/Speech: communication disorders, including apraxia of speech; articulation disorder; phonemic disorder; stuttering; voice disorder    

d.  Learning Disability: includes central auditory processing disorder; disorder of written expression; dysgraphia; dyscalculia; dyslexia; learning disorder NOS; mathematics disorder; mixed receptive-expressive language disorder; nonverbal learning disorder (if student has not been diagnosed on the autism spectrum); processing speed disorder; reading disorder; visual processing disorder

e.  Motor: developmental coordination disorder; stereotypical movement disorders; tic disorders; tremors

B. Sensory

a.  Blind: visual acuity of 20/200 or worse in the better or stronger eye with the best correction; totally blind; or a person with 20 degree or less field of vision (pinhole vision).

b.  Low Vision: visual acuity of 20/70 or worse in the better eye with best correction; a total field loss of 140 degrees or more in the field of vision; difficulty in reading regular newsprint even with vision corrected by glasses or contact lenses; loss of vision in one eye

c.  Deaf: not able to discern spoken communication by sound alone; a hearing loss that prevents one from totally receiving sounds through the ear, whether permanent or fluctuating

d.  Hard of Hearing: partial hearing loss; may be conductive, sensorineural, or both

C. Mental Health

Generally, disorders characterized by dysregulation of mood, thought, and/or behavior. These include anxiety disorders, eating disorders, mood disorders and psychotic disorders.

D. Physical

a.  Basic Chronic Medical Condition: a medical condition resulting in limited strength, vitality or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems. This would not include those with temporary disabilities.

b.  Mobility: indicates a student who, typically, must use a standard manual or electric wheelchair or other assistive device (walker, crutches, braces, prosthesis, etc.) to move from place to place. Students in this category must also be counted in another category, such as orthopedic, basic or complex chronic medical conditions. This would not include those with temporary disabilities. Do not include numbers from this category in the Multiple Disabilities count.

c.  Orthopedic: a physical disability caused by congenital anomaly, diseases of the bones and muscles, connective tissue disorders, or other causes. This would not include those with temporary disabilities.

E. Intersystem (existing between two or more systems)

a.  Alcohol/substance addiction and recovery: students who are recovering from drug or alcohol or substance abuse or who are in substance abuse treatment programs

b.  Complex Chronic Medical Condition: a medical condition that significantly affects multiple systems of the body. This would not include those with temporary disabilities.

c.  Traumatic brain injury: an injury caused by an external physical force (concussion) or from certain medical conditions (aneurysm, anoxia brain tumors, encephalitis, stroke) with resulting mild, moderate or severe disabilities in one or more areas (abstract thinking, attention, cognition, information processing, judgment, language, memory, motor abilities, perceptual, physical functions, problem solving, psychosocial behavior, reasoning, sensory, speech). The term does not include injuries that are congenital or birth related. This would not include those with temporary disabilities.

F. Temporary Disabilities

A transitory impairment with an actual or expected duration of six months or less. Examples include bone fractures, sprains, torn ligaments, post-surgical recoveries, significant illness, etc. Do not include Temporary Disabilities in any other category.

G. Multiple Disabilities

a.  A student with two or more disabilities, to be counted once here. Students reported in this category should be reported in every other category and/or sub-category in which they fit. For example, students with both ADHD and a Learning Disability should be listed under both categories and counted once in Multiple Disabilities. Do not include numbers from Mobility in the Multiple Disabilities count.